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Palestine (Arabicفلسطين‎ FilasṭīnFalasṭīnFilisṭīnGreekΠαλαιστίνηPalaistinēLatinPalaestinaHebrewפלשתינה‎ Palestina) is a geographic region in Western Asia usually considered to include Israel, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and in some definitions, some parts of western Jordan.

The name was used by ancient Greek writers, and it was later used for the Roman province Syria Palaestina, the Byzantine Palaestina Prima, and the Islamic provincial district of Jund Filastin. The region comprises most of the territory claimed for the biblical regions known as the Land of Israel (Hebrewארץ־ישראל‎ Eretz-Yisra’el), the Holy Land or Promised Land. Historically, it has been known as the southern portion of wider regional designations such as CanaanSyriaash-Sham, and the Levant.

Situated at a strategic location between EgyptSyria and Arabia, and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity, the region has a long and tumultuous history as a crossroads for religion, culture, commerce, and politics. The region has been controlled by numerous peoples, including Ancient EgyptiansCanaanitesIsraelites and JudeansAssyriansBabyloniansAchaemenidsancient Greeks, the Jewish Hasmonean KingdomRomansParthiansSasaniansByzantines, the Arab RashidunUmayyadAbbasid and Fatimid caliphatesCrusadersAyyubidsMamluksMongolsOttomans, the British, and modern IsraelisJordaniansEgyptians and Palestinians.

The boundaries of the region have changed throughout history. Today, the region comprises the State of Israel and the Palestinian territories in which the State of Palestine was declared.


Source: Wikipedia.


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